Kosovan telecoms watchdog the Regulatory Authority for Post and Electronic Communications (Autoriteti Rregullator i Komunikimeve Elektronike dhe Postare, ARKEP) has launched a public consultation on the distribution and use of spectrum in the 800MHz, 900MHz and 1800MHz bands, with a view to harmonising spectrum use with the rest of Europe. The regulator has requested comments on the subject by 21 December 2018. The documents set out plans to assign the 800MHz (791MHz-821MHz/832MHz-862MHz) band for use for mobile/fixed communication networks (MFCN), with options to allocate the frequencies on either a TDD or FDD basis. The former would see the range carved into 13 5MHz blocks, whilst the latter would split the band into six 2×5MHz blocks. The 900MHz and 1800MHz bands, meanwhile, are to be used for GSM, UMTS, LTE, WiMAX and IoT services. The 900MHz (880MHz-915MHz/925MHz-960MHz) plan breaks the range into seven 2×5MHz blocks, with a 10MHz space at 915MHz-925MHz. Similarly, the 1800MHz (1710MHz-1785MHz/1805MHz-1880MHz) plan looks to distribute the frequencies as 15 2×5MHz blocks, with a 20MHz space at 1785MHz-1805MHz.
As noted by TeleGeography’s GlobalComms Database, ARKEP has been gradually improving its management of the nation’s spectrum in recent years, a process that was accelerated in 2017 after a bilateral agreement between Kosovo and Serbia brought to a close a long-standing practice of illegal cross-border communications. More recently, in January this year the regulator established a new fee structure for spectrum and in March ARKEP identified 680MHz of unused spectrum across nine bands that could be made available to operators.