Peru’s Ministry of Transport and Communications (Ministerio de Transportes y Comunicaciones, MTC) has published draft regulations on the reorganisation of frequency bands, paving the way for the ministry to begin refarming spectrum. The ministry is planning to alter frequency allocations to improve efficiency and service quality for customers. The process, the MTC notes, will work within a framework that respects contracts as well as sustained and efficient use. According to the MTC, the policy ‘establishes objective criteria and predictable methodology and encourages the assignment or reordering of frequencies to encourage competition and the greatest social and economic benefit.’ The refarming programme will allow for the implementation of better and newer technologies, the MTC added, particularly those that will facilitate the provision of high speed internet access throughout the country. According to the MTC’s estimates, a total of 36,513 base transceiver stations (BTS) will be needed by 2021 to satisfy demand in Peru, but to-date only 20,067 had been installed. Under the draft rules, if a company is allocated frequencies of greater economic value than their existing holdings, the ministry will translate the difference into new obligations to cover areas that are either unserved or underserved. Interested parties have 15 days to submit comments on the draft regulations.