Kosovar telecoms watchdog the Regulatory Authority for Post and Electronic Communications (Autoriteti Rregullator i Komunikimeve Elektronike dhe Postare, ARKEP) has issued a decision to adopt new legislation – dubbed the ‘Regulation on Annual Payments for Oversight and the Right to Use Radio Frequencies’ – determining annual spectrum fees payable by operators. The methodologies for determining fees are based on the service provided. For cellular providers, the regulator charges on a per 1×1kHz basis, with prices varying depending on the location of the allocation. ARKEP has set a fee of EUR14.00 (USD17.1) for spectrum in the 694MHz-960MHz range, EUR10.675 for 1710MHz-1900MHz airwaves and EUR7.00 for frequencies above the 1900MHz band. Calculations for fixed wireless access (FWA) and broadband fixed wireless access (BFWA) takes into consideration the frequency band, the band width of the allocation (on a 1×1MHz basis), and the size of the population covered by the concession.