The number of active 4G Long Term Evolution (LTE) base transceiver stations (BTS) in Russia totalled 42,047 at the end of 2014, federal regulator Roskomnadzor has announced. The number of 4G BTS tripled year-on-year, from 12,364 at the end of 2013. In terms of geographic coverage, the city of Moscow dominates with 7,742 LTE towers, and a further 3,109 in Moscow Region. St Petersburg accounted for 3,034 BTS, followed by Krasnodar (1,722), Rostov (1,648) and the Tatarstan Republic (1,642).
Operator-wise, MegaFon and its wireless broadband subsidiary Yota led the pack with a combined 18,200 LTE base stations, while Mobile TeleSystems (MTS) and Vimpelcom (Beeline) operated 14,800 and 7,300 LTE BTS, respectively. Meanwhile, regional mobile operator SMARTS-Kazan operated 788 4G towers. 77.5% of the base stations are said to operate using the 2620MHz-2690MHz spectrum band.