Madagascar is finally to see the implementation of Law No. 2005-023 of October 2005, as reported by the Midi Madagasikara news site. Head of the Ministry of Posts, Telecoms and New Technolgies (MPTNT), Neypatraiky Rakotomamonjy, has explained the new enforcement will introduce three major changes. There will be complete liberalisation of the Madagascan telecoms market, with operators now having to pay EUR5 million (USD6.35 million) to renew their licence compared to the previous EUR615,400; and new entrants to the market will be expected to pay a minimum of EUR40 million in licence acquisition costs. Rules will become stricter but according to Rakotomamonjy: ‘Operators can now even offer 4G, thanks to the initiative of the State to promote new technology’. The decree will also require sharing of infrastructure – namely base transceiver stations (BTS) – in order to reduce costs and impact on the environment. The Office Malgache des Etudes et de Regulations (OMERT) will be replaced by the soon-to-be-implemented Agency for Regulation of Technology and Telecommunication (ARTEC).