Ukrainian cellco Kyivstar has made a detailed proposal to its cellular rivals and the regulator NCCIR to reallocate existing spectrum in the licensed 900MHz/1800MHz GSM frequency bands in order to create continuous blocks in the respective ranges for each of the mobile operators, with the aim of reusing the spectrum for advanced 3G (UMTS-900) and 4G (LTE-1800) services. The aims of the scheme have been backed in previous decisions by the NCCIR as part of its proposals to issue technology-neutral licences. According to ProIT, the latest plan was proposed via the cellco/regulatory working group on the subject. Kyivstar representatives added that the spectrum refarming would, in addition to enabling new 3G/4G services, would improve the efficiency of the frequency resources in the 900/1800MHz ranges in light of the growing demand on networks. TeleGeography notes that Kyivstar, partly due to its previous mergers with URS (Beeline) and Golden Telecom (Ukraine), has by far the country’s largest bandwidth resources in the 900/1800MHz ranges.