Australian incumbent Telstra has announced that it will invest more than AUD300 million (USD191.4 million) in 2009 to upgrade its hybrid fibre coaxial (HFC) network to offer downlink speeds of up to 100Mbps. According to ZDnet Australia, in Melbourne the initial phase is expected to be completed by Christmas. Telstra will install DOCSIS 3.0 software across its network in the Victorian capital, and it is understood that download speeds will range between 70Mbps and 100Mbps, while average upload speeds will be 2Mbps; the slow-by-comparison latter rate is understood to be due to technical limitations. At present Telstra’s HFC network passes more than 2.5 million homes across the cities of Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane, Adelaide and Perth, offering speeds of up to 30Mbps downstream. The revelation comes as bidders for Australia’s National Broadband Network (NBN) tender wait for the winner to be revealed; the decision was due last week but wildfires in the country have caused a three-week delay. According to TeleGeography’s GlobalComms database, Telstra was excluded from the NBN tender process in November 2008 on a technicality.