The German association for alternative operators, Verband der Anbieter von Telekommunikations und Mehrwertdiensten (VATM), has reported its members experienced a fall in annual revenues of 3.7% during 2008. As of 31 December 2008 annual revenues amounted EUR31.1 billion (USD40.15 billion), down from EUR33 billion in 2007. However, VATM has reported a growth in the number of subscribers in the mobile sector; as a whole, alternative wireless operators saw their customers grow by 12.7% to 69 million. Furthermore, the number of unbundled DSL connections rose to 8.2 million, an increase of 27%. Germany’s alternative operators, including Arcor, E-Plus, Versatel, HanseNet and O2 Germany among others, invested EUR3.1 billion in 2008, which is roughly equal to the year before. In the report, VATM also recommends the country’s telecoms regulator, the Federal Network Agency (FNA), lower local loop unbundling (LLU) fees in order to keep the market competitive.