The European Commission has warned a total of six EU states over telecoms-related issues. Lithuania and Latvia were issued with warnings for failing to ensure that their national telecoms regulators operated independently. Sweden received a formal warning letter demanding that full powers governing network access and interconnection are transferred from its communications ministry to its national regulator. Romania, Bulgaria and Italy were ordered to improve their systems operating the pan-European emergency services telephone number ‘112’. The Commission threatened to take Romania and Bulgaria to the European Court of Justice if they failed to make improvements in three months (Bulgaria for not making the service available nationwide, Romania for not providing caller location for all 112 calls). Italy received a warning for not handling 112 emergency calls as efficiently as its own domestic emergency service number.