Macedonian telecoms firm On.Net will be the first alternative operator to enter the domestic fixed line market after signing an interconnection agreement with the incumbent, Makedonski Telekomunikacii (MakTel), on 15 November 2006. It is the first reference interconnection deal MakTel has completed since the market was liberalised in January 2005. The process has proved anything but smooth however, and in November that year the government was accused of lacking the political will to suspend MakTel’s monopoly. At the time European Commission officials said that Macedonia risked breaching the Stabilisation and Association Agreement signed in 2001, which called on it to open up the market by June 2004, and that its failure to comply could be seen as an indication that it did not have the capacity or will to meet the requirements. With such matters weighing heavily on the government ahead of EUC entry talks, Macedonia managed to speed up the process. The new Agency for Electronic Communications was established and several new operators, including On.Net and Nexttel, emerged with the intention of signing interconnection agreements with the incumbent ahead of anticipated commercial launches sometime in 2006.